Package and Data Loading
As mentioned within the session setup, load the following packages using the
library() function. Additionally, as we will be using a data set with large numbers, set scipen to 999 using the option function.
library(tidyverse) library(RColorBrewer) options(scipen = 999)
Furthermore, for the purpose of this session, we will be using data from the World Bank Open Data. In particular we will be using a collection of variables from 1999, these variables were selected to provide us plenty of room to explore!
It is included in your downloaded zip file from the accompanying Github Repo and can be loaded using the following code:
WDB_1999 <- read_csv("data/WDB_1999.csv")
It includes the following variables:
Section 1: ggplot2 vs plot
Exercise 1: Plotting birthrate against deathrate using both the
ggplot() function, discuss which has more potential in displaying data clearly.
Exercise 2: Expand the plot to group these points by Continent, which provides us with more information and is easier to achieve?
Section 2: Scatter Plots in ggplot
Exercise 3: Change the size parameter to ed.years to see if there is a trend between amount of years in Education and the Birth and Death Rate, set the alpha parameter to 0.5 to clearly see the relationships.
Exercise 4: Change the Labels on the X and Y axis’ and provide a suitable title for the graph
Section 3: Bar Charts and Histograms
Exercise 5: Using the parameter
stat = "identity" within the
geom_bar() function, create a bar chart of
Continent plotted against the mean
Exercise 6: Using the function
geom_histogram() create a histogram of the birthrate and deathrate
Section 4: Adding density plots to Histograms
Exercise 7: Using the plot created in exercise 6, add the y-variable
binwidth = 1 to
geom_histogram() in addition to adding
geom_density() to add density lines to the Histogram
Exercise 8: Add the parameter,
adjust = 2 in the density plot, to smooth this link and make it more easily interpretable
Section 5: Extra Useful Tips and Functions
Exercise 9: Add a
breaks() to a plot
Exercise 10: Use the
ggsave() function to save your last plot